When a company suffers a sudden loss of data, there is two things that happens: recovery and investigation. Data recovery and how to retrieve anything lost is part of the company’s preparations, but investigation is where things get tricky because of the difficulty of tracing things where online activity could be easily erased. This is a loss of time and money for the business and getting to the bottom of things makes sure such sabotage doesn’t happen. For the last forty years, relatively new in the business, a different type of security and investigation has appeared in public.
Digital forensics investigations work with a variety of applications in criminal law and private investigation. The main focus of digital forensics investigations is to recover evidence of a criminal activity and connect it back to one source. From there, a prosecution can be made. Cyber warfare enacted in academics, government, and in the military has extensive forensics’ procedures in place in IT security and tracking down the source of it all. It is not a complete system because of the continuous changes that seem to never end. Therefore, it is important that all systems are updated as possible from phones to PCs.
It became mainstream in the 1980s with the growing use of computers in both the government and in the private sector. Federal laws were passed as digital crimes were growing through the complexity that made it tougher for businesses to catch criminals engaged in fraud and sabotage. The field expanded in the 1990s to go after hackers and even track down murderers in order to connect the use of computers and false credit cards as part of the entire crime. Into the new millennium, the standards for digital crime grew into the complexity of today, making digital forensics another common piece of law enforcement.
Very few specialized digital forensic tools existed at the start. Now, with these new tools, there is a process: acquisition, analysis, and reporting. It is its own scientific theory when it comes to pinpointing the guilty party. The electronic discovery process is as important as physical process in terms of link of command for intent, alibi, attribution, and authentication. The subject of digital forensics is covered by national and international legislation as well because of coordination between countries and intelligence agencies. Legal ramifications of digital forensics are extensive because of the complications and concerns of manipulation and whether if it protected under privacy laws.
So, when it is needed to go into data recovery and find what was the cause of the loss of it, a criminal action is possible. This is where the investigation of it courtesy of IT kicks in to ensure everything is under control and that all threats are snuffed out. Digital threats are nothing new, but one that it continuously growing and threatening all sectors because of the damage it can do. That’s why it costs billions of dollars every year to invest and keep our systems safe from harm.