The History of Robotics

Ever asked yourself where did robots come from? For how long have they been in existence? Well, you will find all the answers to your questions in this article!
Robots have been in existence for quite sometime now. The history of robots stretches deep to the ideas of ancient Greek Philosopher Aristotle regarding automated tools.

We shall briefly look at how robots have evolved since the first invention to the modern day technology of

1. 1942- American Author sets out his 3 Laws of Robotics

In early 1942,American author Isaac Asimov his three laws on robotics that stated as follows:
-A robot must obey all kind of instructions given to it by human beings.
-A robot must not cause harm to human beings in any way or through its actions, allow human beings to come to harm.
-A robot must protect its own 1948: William Grey Walter\’s makes a \’Turtle\’ robotsexistence .This is only if the process doesn’t bring harm to humans.

2. 1943- Introduction of Neural Networks.

In mid 1943, Artificial Neural Networks were introduced. ANN are computing systems that are designed to imitate the way a human brain processes data and information. This was the first step towards the creation of intelligent robots. In 1951, the first neural network was found by Dean Edmonds and Marvin Minsky who were American scientists. It was made from motors, clutches and vacuum tubes and its goal was to help a virtual rat solve a puzzle.

3. 1948: William Grey Walter’s makes a ‘Turtle’ robots

In 1948,British inventor William Grey Walter developed what would be regarded as the inaugural electronic autonomous robots named Machina Speculatrix.

The two robots that resembled turtles were named Elmer and Elsie respectively and were capable of finding a way to locate and reach a charging station when their battery levels were low.

This invention paved way for Biology Electronic Aesthetic Mechanic robotics popularly known as BEAM.

4. 1950- The Turing Test

In 1950, Alan Turing came up with an eponymous test that asked “Are there digital computers or robots that would do well in an imitation game?”

The game laid the basis for the Turing test and depended on the human ability to judge if a computer is human or not.

5. 1954- George Devol files for Unimate Patent.

Scientists Norman Heroux,Joe Engleberger and George Devol invented the first programmable robot arm called The Unimate. They however sold it to a motor company by the name General Motors in the late 1960s.

6. 1966- The Inaugural incarnation of Siri (Eliza) was developed.

Eliza was developed between years 1964 and 1966 by a professor at the MIT Intelligence Laboratory. The invention would engage in a conversation via text by following a scrip that determined how it would respond.

7. 1967- SRI develops Shakey Robot

The robot was designed by the Stanford Research Institute between 1966 and 1972 and was a huge milestone in the robotics history. Shakey received immense media attention hence brought robots in the public eye.

Since the Shakey invention, a lot has been going on the robotic world . Fast forward to 2015, there has been advanced robotic technology. Robots that have attributes almost close to humans have been invented.

Today, Sofia the human robot remains the most advanced robotic invention.

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