Cyber Attack - Seven Common Cyber Threats and How to Prevent Them

There is no doubt that cybersecurity issues are on the rise and are evolving day by day as new technology comes forth in today’s digital world. No one is safe from cyber threats, be it an individual with a mobile device or a large business or organization. With our reliance on connectivity and the widespread usage of technology, it’s open season for hackers to infiltrate one’s details.

That said since the advent of the internet, different types of cybersecurity threats have appeared and gone, with severities ranging from something extremely devastating to a minor nuisance. And you can bet your bottom dollar that these cybersecurity threats will keep on coming till there is the internet. However, no matter how scary it may sound, there are tons of cybersecurity threats that are both identifiable and preventable if you follow the proper steps. In this article today, we will put a magnifying glass on the various types of cybersecurity attacks and threats facing people in today’s modern world and the techniques to prevent them.

Phishing Attacks

Phishing scams have been ever-present since the internet came into existence. Usually, the affected party will receive a message which asks for sensitive information such as a password or credit card information in return for something. Sometimes, these phishing messages look legit, using actual email addresses or media. Such a thing compels the end-user to click on phishing links and unintentionally give away personal information.

Generally, a practical approach to avoid phishing scams is common sense. Such phishing emails and messages contain tons of syntax and spelling errors that are easily spottable. Furthermore, official emails from businesses don’t request private information over email, so that is a dead giveaway as well. And suppose you love to catch online thieves. In that case, you can get a bachelor’s or online masters cybersecurity degree and educate yourself about the latest crimes and how to stop them.

 Password Theft

“Someone has hacked my account!” a conclusion that most people come to when they try to log into their accounts. And they find out that their passwords don’t work anymore. The reality is that a stealing third party somehow guessed or stole your password and locked you out of your account. Something like this is more detrimental for a business that deals with tons of sensitive data every day.

There can be various reasons for someone losing their password. Attackers might use a ‘brute force’ program or plain old guesswork to cycle through hundreds of password attempts. Opt for two-factor authentication to keep thieves out of your accounts. It utilizes a secondary device to complete the login process.

Social Engineering Attacks

Like a phishing scam, social engineering attacks try to deceive end-users to give away their sensitive information. Such a cyberattack can occur on any digital platform, be it Facebook or Twitter, and hackers will go far and beyond to accomplish their goals. i.e., utilizing a user’s social media info to scam other people.

To avoid social engineering attacks, users must remain skeptical of suspicious emails, friend requests, direct messages, or efforts to gather information. You can read some Technology blogs that can help to avoid cyberattacks

Trojan Virus

You can usually find a trojan virus packaged along with a legitimate program or software. That is why it is difficult to detect until you install an infected program or app. The virus starts showing you annoying pop-ups, and alerts such as ‘your system contain a virus’ are a regular giveaway. 

Staying away from unofficial or unsigned programs or apps is the best way to avoid a Trojan virus. Furthermore, an antivirus will locate and kill a Trojan virus, if any exists on your computer.

DDoS Attacks

Distributed Denial of Service, also known as a DDoS attack, utilizes a technique where hackers target servers and overload them with heavy online traffic. When a server cannot handle such high amounts of traffic, it shuts or slows down and becomes completely unusable. In most cases, a DDoS attack leaves servers offline and requiring maintenance work.

Avoiding a DDoS attack means identifying such traffic overload and denying access. Such a thing can take a lot of time and depends on the number of malicious IP addresses used to carry out the attack.


Consider yourself cryptojacked when out of nowhere a malware forces your computer to perform cryptocurrency mining. As cryptocurrency mining puts trains on your hardware, It will overload your hardware, causing it to malfunction.

Ensure all your antivirus and security software is up-to-date. Also, download and install the latest version of your operating system to avoid Cryptojacking from affecting your computer.

Ransomware Attacks

One of the most common types of cyber threats out there- Ransomware is a distant cousin of malware. A ransomware attack occurs when a user installs a malicious program or application, locking them out of their essential files until they pay a ransom. Typically there is a notepad file along with the attack that tells you what you have to do to acquire a decryption key.

Removal of a ransomware program after its installation is somewhat challenging. To avoid such malicious programs, keep your antivirus updated and avoid clicking on fishy links. Also, keep backups of all your important files as the ransomware program will hit them first.


The cybersecurity threats mentioned above are consistently growing in complexity and making it difficult for end-users to stay protected against them. However, by understanding how they work, you can easily detect, avoid, or remove them before they cause damage to your identity and your computer.